Following the war years a new program was put in place, the “White Revolution.” It was typical of many such improvement programs initiated by dictators to improve their country’s stature, economic strength and welfare of the population. Long on promises, short on grass-roots controls and management of available funds. We will get to this program in a bit.
The Shah’s main goal was to consolidate power through personal attention to every promotion, every hand-out, every aspect of political life — but, not the economic life of the country. The Shah was ‘personalized’ through statues, pictures, media promotion and favors. Outside of his court, outside of the capital city, Iran remained a feudal society where tribal leaders and landlords controlled the life of the people. As the calendar moved into the 1960’s, 20% of the population received 52% of the wealth. The bottom 40% of the citizens shared 14% of the economy. The population was better off in the capital city than out in the country. In these situations, corruption flourished and government programs were highly ineffective. Low level civil servants and functionaries would not make decisions, business slowed to a crawl. Bribes were required to get anything done. Before the 1960’s arrived a U.S. Congressional Report cited the lack of progress within Iran and its ability to manage monies of it own or that which was lent to it.
The new Kennedy administration appointed a task force that would become directly involved in the use of money loaned to Iran. The pressure was significant. Land-reform was begun. As some programs became effective and visible certain administrators became popular. The Shah wanted only himself to be popular. He visited the U.S., solicited more funds, accused the Soviets of creating difficulties in Iran. In spite of a good start, programs soon ran into problems caused by those who wanted their fingers in the pot of cash. The Shah took over key financial programs and launched reforms. By 1962 he had consolidated power while those who had held power lost their positions and popularity. Personal appointments increased his control over all of the new reforms. The ‘White Revolution’ had begun. ‘Westernization’ was the key catch phrase. In addition to land reform, profit sharing was a popular program. Election laws were improved and women were brought into the mainstream .
Yet, unhappiness was present in the midst of these changes. In April of 1965 a second attempt was made to assassinate the Shah. We will examine the Return chart shown below.
This chart is a t/Moon-opposite-n/Sun in the 2nd house Return. The generic theme is, “Management of resources such as money, real estate or a joint project. Accounting for past practices. Changes in (family) plans, emotional issues. A personal transition and/or crises at hand. The disbursement of resources. A need for reconciliation.” Relative to the Shah’s attempts at reform, to correct past practices, to deal with a crises, to disburse resources — this is an accurate statement of the general situation.
The chart has t/Pluto-Asc. opposite t/Saturn and square t/N.Node-MC. Pluto can point to the Shah’s control and consolidation of power, to the transformation that he is attempting, to the politics of the situation. Saturn can be resistance by others to his efforts, the unhappiness of others, the perception of insufficient resources available. The N.Node at the MC can signify the goal to reach many others with his programs. t/PoF squares n/Pluto and will oppose t/Venus on this day due to its movement of some 12-14 degrees per day. This tells us that this Return chart will find “power” subject to unexpected directions and expression, and that the attempt to gain favor from others (t/Venus in the 8th) through the distribution of resources will be a topic to consider. That is all that this chart offers us as a pattern for the following two weeks. Lets look at the date and chart for the assassination attempt.
We find in our visual examination of the chart that n/PoF is at the IC, conjoining the nodal axis. This PoF in the natal chart squares Venus; the Shah will always find it problematic to deal with love/affection/money as anything he does along those lines will often be seen wrongly.
So where is the assassination symbolism? Note t/Mars conjoining n/Mars in the 12th. There are no classical aspects to this group other than n/Saturn-n/MC-t/Uranus-t/Pluto. So, this attempt on his life was brutal, sudden and violent — and unsuccessful. With t/Sun conjoining t/Venus and n/Venus at the Asc. angle it seems that protection from the fates was his for this crucial day.
Now, the attempt to take the Shah’s life is a small event in the course of history, overshadowed by the larger issues of the nation and the powers outside of Iran that seek to control it. The chart itself, by itself, may not be a strong “death” chart. It is only within the context of what the country was going through (the Shah is the country) that we can see what drove this attempt on his life. I would suggest that the nodal axis along the chart’s vertical axis tells us that many in the country were troubled-upset (n/PoF and the nodes). I’m not sure if a court astrologer would look at this chart and proclaim an assassination attempt would occur. It is almost as if this attempt was a sideline issue for the Shah in the midst of all of his other problems of that day. Dave
PS: It might be more instructive to run a Mars Return chart to see what it showed. Perhaps the next posting.